How to Draw Fibonacci Levels
Fibonacci retracement and extension analysis uncovers hidden support and resistance created by the golden ratio. Fibonacci grids prepackaged in most charting programs lay out these price levels, which act like traditional support and resistance but originate in mathematical proportion, rather than the highs or lows on a price chart. Many traders and investors dismiss Fibonacci as voodoo science, but its natural origins reveal poorly understood aspects of human behavior.
Fib math highlights proportionality, capturing the essence of beauty and packaging it into a set of ratios that can define seashells, flowers, and even the facial structure of Hollywood actresses. This analysis extends into the measurement of trend and countertrend swings that carve proportional ranges, pullbacks, and reversals. In its market applications, Fibonacci measures crowd behavior and the willingness to buy or sell securities at key retracement levels. It also identifies key reversal zones and narrow price bands where trending markets should lose momentum and shift into trading ranges, topping, or bottoming patterns.
Fibonacci supports a variety of profitable strategies, but incorrect grid placement undermines prediction and confidence. Traders get frustrated when they try the tool for the first time and it doesn't work perfectly, often abandoning it in favor of more familiar analysis. However, persistence, precision, and a little formfitting can generate trading edges that last a lifetime.
Use a retracement grid to analyze pullbacks, reversals, corrections, and other price actions within the ranges of primary uptrends and downtrends. Use an extension grid to measure how far uptrends or downtrends are likely to carry beyond a breakout or breakdown level. This analysis forms the basis for establishing technical price targets and profitable exit zones.
Setting Retracement Grids
It takes skill to set Fibonacci grids correctly, and picking the wrong levels as starting and ending points undermines profitability by encouraging buying or selling at prices that make no sense. The process also requires multi-trend grid placement, with successive levels placed at longer and shorter time frames until they capture price ranges that might come into play during the life of the open position.
Start grid placement by zooming out to the weekly pattern and finding the longest continuous uptrend or downtrend. Place a Fibonacci grid from low to high in an uptrend and high to low in a downtrend. Set the grid to display the .382, .50, .618, and .786 retracement levels. The first three ratios act as compression zones, where the price can bounce around like a pinball, while the .786 marks a line in the sand, with violations signaling a change in trend.
Now move to shorter-term trends, adding new grids for those time frames. Once completed, your chart will show a series of grids, with lines that are tightly aligned or not aligned at all. Tight alignment identifies harmonic support and resistance levels that can end corrections and signal trend advances, higher or lower, especially when supported by moving averages, trendlines, and gaps. Loose alignment points to disorganization, with conflicting forces generating whipsaws that lower predictive power and profit potential.
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